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Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy for breast cancer is used to kill cancer cells in the breast or in other parts of the body. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy for breast cancer is given prior to surgery. Adjuvant chemotherapy is given after surgery.

AC Chemo Followed by Taxol with or without Paraplatin for Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

Doxorubicin Hydrochloride and Cyclophosphamide Followed by Paclitaxel With or Without Carboplatin in Treating Patients With Triple-Negative Breast CancerDoxorubicin Hydrochloride and Cyclophosphamide Followed by Paclitaxel With or Without Carboplatin in Treating Patients With Triple-Negative Breast Cancer (NCT02488967)

Summary

Doxorubicin (Adriamycin®) and cyclophosphamide (Cytoxan®)--known as AC--and paclitaxel (Taxol®) are chemotherapy drugs routinely used to treat breast cancer. Carboplatin (Paraplatin®) is a platinum-based chemotherapy drug that studies suggest is effective for triple-negative breast cancer. This study is comparing the effectiveness of AC followed by Taxol followed by Paraplatin to AC followed by Taxol in patients with triple-negative breast cancer. To be eligible, participants must have had breast cancer surgery with clean margins (cancer-free area around where tumor was removed). Patients who did not have clean margins will need to have radiation therapy to the chest wall before entering the trial.
This is a Phase III trial

Halaven® and Afinitor® For Metastatic Triple Negative Breast Cancer

Phase I/IB Trial of Eribulin and Everolimus in Patients With Triple Negative Metastatic Breast Cancer (NCT02120469)

Summary

Researchers are looking for new drugs to treat triple negative (ER-, PR- and HER2-) breast cancer. Eribulin mesylate (Halaven®) is a chemotherapy drug used to treat metastatic breast cancer in patients who have already been treated with other chemotherapy drugs. Everolimus (Afinitor®) is used along with an anti-estrogen drug to treat advanced ER+, HER2- breast cancer. Researchers think it may also be effective in patients who are ER- and HER2-negative.This study is evaluating the safety and best dose of Halaven and Afinitor for treating patients with metastatic triple negative breast cancer.
This is a Phase I trial

Perjeta, Herceptin & Abraxane for HER2+ Advanced Breast Cancer

Phase II Prospective Open Label Single Arm Study of Pertuzumab, Trastuzumab, and Nab-Paclitaxel in Patients With HER-2 Positive Metastatic Breast Cancer (NCT01730833)

Summary

Combining HER2-targeted therapies with chemotherapy may be beneficial when treating HER2+ advanced breast cancer. Pertuzumab (Perjeta®) and trastuzumab (Herceptin®) are both HER2 targeted therapies. The chemotherapy drug nab-paclitaxel (Abraxane®) is routinely used to treat advanced breast cancer. This study is evaluating the effectiveness of combining Perjeta, Herceptin, and Abraxne to treat HER2+ advanced breast cancer.
This is a Phase II trial

Istodax and Platinol for Advanced BRCA+ or Triple Negative Breast Cancer

Phase I/II Trial of Cisplatin Plus Romidepsin in Locally Recurrent or Metastatic Triple Negative Breast Cancer or BRCA1 or BRCA2 Mutation Associated Locally Recurrent or Metastatic Breast Cancer. (NCT02393794)

Summary

Romidepsin (Istodax®) is an FDA-approved drug that is currently used to treat a type of lymphoma. Laboratory studies suggest Istodax may also be effective for treating breast cancer. Cisplatin (Platinol®) is a platinum-based chemotherapy drug that studies suggest is effective for treating triple-negative breast cancer. In the first phase of the study, researchers will determine the highest dose of Istodax that can safely and tolerably be used in combination with Platinol. In phase II, this highest dose will be given along with Platinol. Both phases of the study will enroll women with advanced breast cancer who are known to carry a BRCA mutation or who have triple negative breast cancer.
This is a Phase I-II trial

Carboplatin with Other Chemotherapy Drugs Before Surgery for Triple Negative Breast Cancer

Randomized, Open Label, Phase II Trial of Neoadjuvant Carboplatin Plus Docetaxel or Carboplatin Plus Paclitaxel Followed by AC in Stage I-III Triple-negative Breast Cancer (NCT02413320)

Summary

Carboplatin (Paraplatin®) is a platinum-based chemotherapy drug used to treat advanced breast cancer that has not responded to previous chemotherapy treatments. Paclitaxel (Taxol®) and docetaxel (Taxotere®) are chemotherapy drug commonly used to treat advanced breast cancer. Doxorubicin (Adriamycin®) and cyclophosphamide (Cytoxan®)--known as AC--is routinely used to treat breast cancer. Giving chemotherapy before surgery--called neoadjuvant treatment--allows researchers to study how the tumor responds to the treatment regimen. Previous studies have found that Paraplatin and Taxotere are well tolerated in the neoadjuvant setting. This study is comparing the safety and effectiveness of Paraplatin and Taxol followed by AC with Paraplatin and Taxotere when given before surgery to women with early stage triple negative breast cancer. To be eligible, participants must be enrolled in the Triple Negative Breast Cancer and Germline Hereditary Breast and Ovarian Cancer Mutation Carrier Registry (PROGECT).
This is a Phase II trial

Everolimus & Cisplatin after Neoadjuvant Chemo & Surgery for Triple-Negative Tumors

NEOADJUVANT PHASE II STUDY OF EVEROLIMUS PLUS CISPLATIN IN TRIPLE NEGATIVE BREAST CANCER PATIENTS WITH RESIDUAL DISEASE AFTER STANDARD CHEMOTHERAPY (NCT01931163)

Summary

Researchers are looking at the effectiveness of combining chemotherapy drugs with targeted therapies. Cisplatin (Platinol®) is a chemotherapy drug routinely used to treat breast cancer. Everolimus (Afinitor®) is a targeted therapy used to treat advanced hormone receptor-positive, HER2-negative breast cancer. This study is looking at the safety and effectiveness of using Platinol and Afinitor to treat patients with triple negative tumors who had chemotherapy before surgery (neoadjuvant treatment) that did not fully shrink the tumor.
This is a Phase II trial

The Immunotherapy Opdivo & Abraxane for Recurrent HER2-Negative Metastatic Breast Cancer

A Phase 1, Open-Label, Multicenter, Safety Study of Nivolumab (BMS-936558) in Combination With Nab-Paclitaxel Plus or Minus Gemcitabine in Pancreatic Cancer, Nab-Paclitaxel / Carboplatin in Stage IIIB/IV Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer or Nab-Paclitaxel in Recurrent Metastatic Breast Cancer (NCT02309177)

Summary

Researchers are trying to find more effective treatments for metastatic breast cancer. nab-Paclitaxel (Abraxane®) is a chemotherapy drug approved in the treatment of breast cancer that has spread after treatment with combination chemotherapy or that has come back within 6 months after chemotherapy treatment post-surgery. Nivolumab (Opdivo®) is an immunotherapy approved in the treatment of certain types of metastatic melanoma and non-small cell lung cancer. Nivolumab (Opdivo®) blocks a protein called PD-1 (programmed cell death 1). Blocking PD-1 prevents a known pathway found in certain tumors and may allow the body’s own immune cells to attack tumors. This study is primarily evaluating the safety of combining Opdivo with two different regimens of Abraxane in patients with HER2-negative, recurrent metastatic breast cancer. Anti-tumor activity of Opdivo in combination with these two Abraxane regimens will be preliminarily assessed. (This study also is enrolling patients with pancreatic and non-small cell lung cancer).
This is a Phase I trial

Vectibix, Paraplatin & Taxol Before Surgery For Early Stage Triple Negative Disease

Women's Triple-Negative First-Line Study: A Phase II Trial of Panitumumab, Carboplatin and Paclitaxel (PaCT) in Patients With Localized Triple-Negative Breast Cancer (TNBC) With Tumors Predicted Insensitive to Standard Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy (NCT02593175)

Summary

To take part in this study, you must have been diagnosed with triple-negative, early-stage breast cancer but not yet had surgery. In addition, you must have a type of tumor that is not likely to get smaller if you receive the standard type of chemotherapy given before surgery. Vectibix, Paraplatin, and Taxol are three different types of cancer drugs. Researchers think that giving all three drugs at the same time before surgery will shrink triple negative tumors. Panitumumab (Vectibix®) is a targeted treatment used to treat certain types of colorectal cancer. Its use in breast cancer is considered experimental. Carboplatin (Paraplatin®) and paclitaxel (Taxol®) are chemotherapy drugs that are used to treat breast cancer.
This is a Phase II trial

Halaven & Keytruda for Metastatic Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

An Open-Label, Single-Arm Multicenter Phase 1b/2 Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Eribulin Mesylate in Combination With Pembrolizumab in Subjects With Metastatic Triple-Negative Breast Cancer (mTNBC) (NCT02513472)

Summary

Eribulin mesylate (Halaven®) is a chemotherapy drug used to treat metastatic breast cancer that is not responding to other chemotherapy drugs. Pembrolizumab (Keytruda®) is an immunotherapy drug that blocks a programmed cell death (PD-1) protein that keeps the immune system from going after cancer cells. This study is investigating the safety and effectiveness of giving Halaven and Keytruda to patients with metastatic triple-negative breast cancer who have received no more than two prior chemotherapies for metastatic disease.
This is a Phase I-II trial

Kadcyla, Tykerb & Abraxane vs. Herceptin, Tykerb & Taxol Before Surgery for HER2+ Tumors

Randomized Open Label Phase II Trial Of Neoadjuvant Trastuzumab Emtansine (Te) In Combination With Lapatinib (L) Follow by Abraxane (A) Compared With Trastuzumab Plus Lapatinib Follow by Paclitaxel In Her 2 Neu Over-Expressed Breast Cancer Patients (TEAL Trial) (NCT02073487)

Summary

Researchers are trying to identify the most effective drug combination for treating HER2+ breast cancer. T-DM1 (Kadcyla®) combines the chemotherapy drug DM1 with trastuzumab (Herceptin®), a drug used to treat HER2-positive tumors. This allows the chemotherapy drug to be delivered directly to the cancer cells. Lapatinib (Tykerb®) is a targeted therapy used to treat HER2+ breast cancer. Nab-paclitaxel (Abraxane®) is a chemotherapy drug used to treat advanced breast cancer. Paclitaxel (Taxol®) is a chemotherapy drug used to treat breast cancer. Giving chemotherapy before surgery allows researchers to study the effect that a treatment has on the breast tumor. This study is comparing the efficacy of Kadcyla, Tykerb and Abraxane to Herceptin, Tykerb and Taxol when it is given before surgery to patients with HER2+ breast cancer.
This is a Phase II trial

Carboplatin and Afinitor for Metastatic Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

A Multi-Centered Randomized Phase II Study Comparison of Single-Agent Carboplatin vs the Combination of Carboplatin and Everolimus for the Treatment of Advanced Triple-Negative Breast Cancer (NCT02531932)

Summary

Paraplatin (Carboplatin®) is a platinum-based chemotherapy drug used to treat metastatic breast cancer that has not responded to previous treatments. Everolimus (Afinitor®) is a type of targeted therapy called an mTOR inhibitor. It works by interfering with a cancer cell's ability to divide and grow. This study will compare the safety and effectiveness of Carboplatin and Afinitor to Carboplatin alone for treating metastatic triple-negative breast cancer.
This is a Phase II trial

Xtandi and Taxol for Advanced Triple Negative Breast Cancer

A Phase 3, Randomized, International Study Comparing the Efficacy and Safety of Enzalutamide in Combination With Paclitaxel Chemotherapy or as Monotherapy Versus Placebo With Paclitaxel in Patients With Advanced, Diagnostic-Positive, Triple-Negative Breast Cancer (NCT02929576)

Summary

To take part in this study, you must have been diagnosed with locally advanced (some stage III) or metastatic (stage IV) triple negative (ER-/PR-/HER2-) breast cancer. This study is comparing three different treatment regimens for advanced triple negative breast cancer: Enzalutamide (Xtandi®) and Paclitaxel (Taxol®) together; Xtandi followed by Taxol, and Taxol alone. Xtandi is currently used to treat prostate cancer. Studies suggest it may also be effective as a breast cancer treatment. Taxol is a chemotherapy drug used to treat advanced breast cancer.
This is a Phase III trial

Halaven & Cytoxan for Advanced Breast Cancer

A Phase Ib/II Study of Eribulin in Combination With Cyclophosphamide in Patients With Solid Tumor Malignancies (NCT01554371)

Summary

Combining two or more cancer drugs that work in different ways may be more effective than using one cancer drug at a time. Eribulin (Halaven®) is approved for treating metastatic breast cancer. Cyclophosphamide (Cytoxan®) is approved for treating many different types of cancer, including breast cancer. However, the combination of eribulin and cyclophosphamide is considered experimental. The purpose of this study is to test the safety and effectiveness of the two drugs when they are given together at different doses to patients with locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer (and other solid tumors).
This is a Phase I-II trial

Chemotherapy and a PARP-inhibitor for BRCA1/2+, HER2- Advanced Breast Cancer

A Phase 3 Randomized, Placebo-controlled Trial of Carboplatin and Paclitaxel With or Without the Poly ADP-ribose Polymerase (PARP) Inhibitor Veliparib (ABT-888) in Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor 2 (HER2)-Negative Metastatic or Locally Advanced Unresectable Breast Cancer Gene (BRCA)-Associated Breast Cancer (NCT02163694)

Summary

Researchers are studying new types of breast cancer drugs and drug combinations. Veliparib is a new type of cancer therapy called a PARP inhibitor. By blocking the PARP enzyme, veliparib keeps cancer cells from repairing DNA damage. Studies suggest that combining veliparib with chemotherapy drugs that damage DNA may make the cancer cells more responsive to the chemotherapy treatment. Carboplatin (Paraplatin®) and paclitaxel (Taxol®) are chemotherapy drugs used to treat advanced breast cancer. This study is comparing the effectiveness of veliparib, paraplatin, and Taxol with paraplatin and Taxol alone in treating participants with a BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation who have advanced HER2-negative breast cancer.
This is a Phase III trial

Camptosar and Veliparib for Advanced Breast Cancer

A Phase I Dose-Escalation Study of Oral ABT-888 (NSC #737664) Plus Intravenous Irinotecan (CPT-11, NSC#616348) Administered in Patients With Advanced Solid Tumors (NCT00576654)

Summary

Irinotecan hydrochloride (Camptosar) is a chemotherapy drug that can kill cancer cells by damaging their DNA. Veliparib is a type of targeted therapy called a PARP inhibitor. It blocks the PARP protein from repairing damaged DNA in cancer cells. Researchers thinks combining a PARP inhibitor with Camptosar will make it more effective. This study is investigating the side effects and best dose of veliparib when it is given along with Camptosar to treat patients with advanced breast cancer.
This is a Phase I trial

Treating Node-Positive Tumors with Low Oncotype DX® Scores

Tamoxifen Citrate, Letrozole, Anastrozole, or Exemestane With or Without Chemotherapy in Treating Patients With Invasive Breast Cancer (NCT01272037)

Summary

Women with hormone-sensitive, HER2-negative breast cancer who have 1-3 positive lymph nodes are typically treated with chemotherapy. Oncotype DX® is a genetic test that is done on a small piece of tumor tissue. It is used to assess the likelihood that a patient with a hormone-sensitive, node-negative tumor will have a breast cancer recurrence. Women with a high recurrence score are treated with chemotherapy and hormone therapy. Women with a low recurrence score are treated with hormone therapy alone. Previous studies have suggested that the Oncotype DX® test can also accurately assess recurrence risk in certain node-positive patients. The goal of this trial is to determine whether women with 1-3 positive nodes and a low Oncotype DX® score require chemotherapy and hormone therapy or if they can be treated with hormone therapy alone. To be eligible, participants must have an Oncotype DX® score of 25 or less.
This is a Phase III trial

MM-398 for Triple Negative Breast Cancer

A Pilot Study in Patients Treated With MM-398 to Determine Tumor Drug Levels and to Evaluate the Feasibility of Ferumoxytol Magnetic Resonance Imaging to Measure Tumor Associated Macrophages (NCT01770353)

Summary

Researchers are studying new drugs for treating metastatic triple negative breast cancer. MM-398, a new type of targeted therapy, uses a fat molecule (like a bubble) to deliver the chemotherapy drug irinotecan (Camptosar®) to cancer cells. Because the irinotecan is delivered directly to the cancer cell, it can be given at a higher dose. Ferumoxytol (Feraheme) is used during an MRI to improve imaging. It is being used in this study to measure a type of white blood cell called tumor associated macrophages. The goal of this study is to learn more about how MM-398 travels in the body and whether using ferumoxytol is effective in tracking MM-398.
This is a Phase I trial

Alisertib with Taxol for Advanced ER+/HER2- or Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

A Phase II, Multicenter, Randomized, Parallel Group Study to Compare Alisertib in Combination With Paclitaxel vs. Paclitaxel Alone in Patients With Metastatic or Locally Recurrent Breast Cancer (NCT02187991)

Summary

Alisertib (MLN8237) is an oral targeted therapy that blocks an enzyme--Aurora A kinase--that helps cancer cells grow and survive. Studies have found Aurora A kinase in triple-negative and ER+/HER2- breast cancer. Paclitaxel (Taxol®) is a chemotherapy drug commonly used to treat advanced breast cancer. This study is investigating whether giving alisetib with Taxol is more effective than Taxol alone for treating women with ER+/HER2- or triple-negative advanced breast cancer.
This is a Phase II trial

Radiation & Chemotherapy Together or Sequentially for Early-Stage, ER- Breast Cancer

"Randomized Trial of Partial Breast Irradiation (PBI) and Sequential vs. Concurrent Chemotherapy in Women With ER Negative Early Stage Breast Cancer (PBI 3.0)" (NCT01928589)

Summary

Following surgery, patients with ER-negative breast cancer typically receive radiation followed by chemotherapy. Previous studies suggest that giving radiation therapy and chemotherapy at the same time is also a safe and effective way to treat early-stage ER-negative breast cancer. Partial-breast irradiation (PBI) is a type of radiation therapy given only to the area of the breast where the cancer was removed. This study will compare the safety and effectiveness of giving PBI and chemotherapy at the same time with giving PBI followed by chemotherapy in patients with early-stage ER-negative breast cancer.
This is a Phase I-II trial

EC1456 For Triple Negative Breast Cancer

A PHASE 1 STUDY OF FOLIC ACID-TUBULYSIN CONJUGATE EC1456 IN PATIENTS WITH ADVANCED SOLID TUMORS (NCT01999738)

Summary

EC1456 is a new type of injectable drug that consists of folate (vitamin B9) linked to a chemotherapy drug called tubulysin B hydrazide (TubBH). The folate receptor is highly expressed in triple negative breast cancer. This suggests that EC1456 might be effective in triple negative breast cancer because the folate would deliver the chemotherapy drug to the cancer cell. This study is evaluating the effect of EC1456 in participants with triple negative breast cancer. This study is also enrolling individuals with other types of advanced solid tumors.
This is a Phase I trial

Chemotherapy and a Targeted Therapy Before Surgery for Stage III Breast Cancer

A Phase II Study of Breast Cancer Treatment Using Weekly Carboplatin + Paclitaxel With Pertuzumab + Trastuzumab (HER2+) or Bevacizumab (HER2-) in the Neoadjuvant Setting (NCT02436993)

Summary

Stage II and III tumors are typically treated with chemotherapy before surgery. Carboplatin (Paraplatin®) and paclitaxel (Taxol®) are chemotherapy drugs routinely used to treat breast cancer. Bevacizumab (Avastin®) is a targeted therapy that keeps tumors from growing the blood vessels they need to survive. Trastuzumab (Herceptin®) and pertuzumab (Perjeta®) are targeted therapies used to treat HER2-positive breast cancer. In this study patients with HER2-negative tumors will receive chemotherapy and Avastin and patients with HER2-positive tumors will receive chemotherapy along with Herceptin and Perjeta. Researchers will evaluate the safety and efficacy of the two treatment protocols. They will also investigate whether magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a good tool for monitoring and predicting how the tumor will respond to the treatment.
This is a Phase II trial

Halaven for Breast Cancer That Has Spread to the Brain

Treatment of Brain Metastases From Breast Cancer With Eribulin Mesylate (NCT02581839)

Summary

Eribulin mesylate (Halaven®) is FDA approved to treat metastatic breast cancer. Researchers are investigating what affect Halaven has on breast cancer cells that have spread to the brain. In this study, researchers will study the safety and effectiveness of giving Halaven to women with breast cancer that has spread to the brain. To be eligible, women must have brain metastases confirmed by MRI.
This is a Phase II trial

MEDI4736 and Chemotherapy Before Surgery for Stage I-III Triple Negative Breast Cancer

Single Arm Neoadjuvant Phase I/II Study of MEDI4736 (Anti-PD-L1 Antibody) Concomitant With Weekly Nab-paclitaxel and Dose-dense Doxorubicin/Cyclophosphamide (ddAC) Chemotherapy for Clinical Stage I-III Triple Negative Breast Cancer (NCT02489448)

Summary

MEDI4736 is a new immunotherapy drug. By blocking a protein called PD-1 (programmed cell death 1), it allows the immune system to go after cancer cells. Doxorubicin (Adriamycin®) and cyclophosphamide (Cytoxan®)--known as AC chemotherapy--and nab-paclitaxel (Abraxane®) are routinely used to treat breast cancer. Giving MEDI4736 with this chemotherapy regimen before surgery (called neoadjuvant therapy) may make the chemotherapy more effective. This study will investigate the best dose and effectiveness of MEDI4736 for use with this chemotherapy regimen when it is given before surgery to individuals with stage I-III triple negative breast cancer.
This is a Phase I-II trial

Tykerb and Xeloda for HER2-Positive Breast Cancer That Has Spread to the Brain or Spine

Lapatinib with Capecitabine for HER2-Positive Brain Mets (NCT02650752)

Summary

Lapatinib (Tykerb®) is a targeted therapy used to treat advanced HER2-positive breast cancer. Capacitabine (Xeloda®) is a chemotherapy drug used to treat metastatic breast cancer. Laboratory studies suggest there may be treatment benefits from combining Tykerb with Xeloda. This study is evaluating the safety and best dose of Tykerb when it is given with Xeloda to treat metastatic HER2-positive breast cancer that has spread to the brain or spine.
This is a Phase I trial

Capecitabine + BKM120 in Triple Negatvie Breast Cancer With Brain Metastases

Phase II Multicenter Single-arm Study of BKM120 Plus Capecitabine for Triple Negative Breast Cancer (TNBC) Patients With Brain Metastases (NCT02000882)

Summary

BKM120 is an investigational targeted therapy that works by blocking PI3K, a group of proteins that help cancer cells to grow. Capecitabine (Xeloda®) is a chemotherapy drug used to treat triple negative (ER-, PR-, HER2-) breast cancer. Early studies suggest that combining Xeloda with BKM120 may be an effective way to treat triple-negative breast cancer. These studies have also suggested that this treatment may be able to cross the blood-brain barrier, to kill cancer cells. This study is evaluating the safety and effectiveness of BKM120 and Xeloda in patients with triple-negative breast cancer that has spread to the brain.
This is a Phase II trial

Alimta and Nexavar for Recurrent or Metastatic Triple Negative Breast Cancer

Phase 2 Study of Pemetrexed and Sorafenib for Treatment of Recurrent or Metastatic Triple Negative Breast Cancer (NCT02624700)

Summary

Pemetrexed (Alimta®) is a chemotherapy drug approved to treat non-small cell lung cancer. Early studies suggest it may also be effective for treating breast cancer. Sorafenib (Nexavar®) is a type of targeted therapy called a tyrosine kinase inhibitor. It is used to treat liver, kidney and thyroid cancer. Researchers think it may be effective for triple-negative breast cancer. This study is investigating the safety and effectiveness of using Alimta and Nexavar to treat recurrent or metastatic triple-negative breast cancer.
This is a Phase II trial

Taxotere and Paraplatin Before Surgery in ER-, HER2- Stage II-III Breast Cancer

A Co-clinical Trial in Triple Negative Breast Cancer Patients With Genoproteomic Discovery (NCT02124902)

Summary

Researchers are trying to determine the best treatments for triple negative (ER-, PR-, HER2-) breast cancer. Giving chemotherapy before surgery, called neoadjuvant therapy, allows researchers to study the effect that the treatment has on cancer cells. Docetaxel (Taxotere®) is a chemotherapy drug commonly used to treat advanced breast cancer. Carboplatin (Paraplatin®) is a chemotherapy drug used to treat advanced breast cancer that has not responded to previous chemotherapy treatments. This study is looking at the effect that Taxotere and Paraplatin have on cancer cells when they are given before surgery to treat patients with stage II or stage III triple-negative breast cancer.
This is a Phase II trial

Doxil, Avastin and Torisel Before Surgery for Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

Women's Triple-Negative First-Line Study: A Phase II Trial of Liposomal Doxorubicin, Bevacizumab and Temsirolimus (DAT) in Patients With Localized Triple-Negative Breast Cancer (TNBC) With Tumors Predicted Insensitive to Standard Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy (NCT02456857)

Summary

In this study, participants will receive the experimental drug regimen DAT, which consists of liposomal doxorubicin (Doxil®), bevacizumab (Avastin®), and temsirolimus (Torisel®). Doxil is a chemotherapy drug used to treat breast cancer. Avastin works by keeping the cancer from making the blood vessels it needs to grow. It currently is not approved as a breast cancer treatment. Torisel is an mTOR inhibitor. It works by blocking a protein called mTOR that helps cancer cells grow. Treatment given before surgery--called neoadjuvant therapy---allows researchers to see the effect that the treatment has on the tumor. This study is investigating the effect that the DAT regimen has when it is given before surgery to women with triple-negative breast cancer. To be eligible, patients must have stopped a neoadjuvant anthracycline-based regimen because the cancer progressed or they experienced too many side effects to continue.
This is a Phase II trial

Etirinotecan Pegol For Brain Metastases From Breast (or Lung) Cancer

A Phase II Study of Etirinotecan Pegol (NKTR 102) in Patients With Refractory Brain Metastases and Advanced Lung Cancer or Metastatic Breast Cancer (MBC) (NCT02312622)

Summary

Pegylated irinotecan NKTR-102 is a new version of the chemotherapy drug irinotecan (Camptosar). It was designed to be more effective and have fewer side effects than the original version. This study is investigating how well pegylated irinotecan NKTR-102 works in patients with breast (or lung) cancer that has spread to the brain and has not responded to other treatment.
This is a Phase II trial

Chemotherapy With Microwave Thermotherapy Before Surgery

Randomized Pivotal Trial to Assess the Safety and Efficacy of Preoperative Focused Microwave Thermotherapy Plus Preoperative Chemotherapy Versus Preoperative Chemotherapy Alone for Cytoreduction of Large Breast Cancer in... (NCT01204801)

Summary

Large tumors are sometimes treated with chemotherapy prior to surgery (neoadjuvant treatment) in order to reduce the tumor's size. If the tumor does shrink, the surgeon may be able to perform a lumpectomy instead of a mastectomy. Studies have shown that cancer cells are sensitive to microwave-generated heat, and that using microwave-generated heat therapy prior to surgery can help shrink tumor size. The purpose of this study is to determine whether neoadjuvant treatment that combines focused microwave heat treatment and chemotherapy is more effective than neoadjuvant chemotherapy alone for shrinking large breast tumors.
This is a Phase III trial

Vectibix and Chemotherapy Before Surgery for Triple Negative Inflammatory Breast Cancer

A Randomized Phase II Study of Neoadjuvant Carboplatin/Paclitaxel (CT) Versus Panitumumab/Carboplatin/Paclitaxel (PaCT) Followed by Anthracycline-Containing Regimen for Newly Diagnosed Primary Triple-Negative Inflammatory Breast Cancer (NCT02876107)

Summary

To take part in this study, you must be newly diagnosed with stage III, inflammatory triple negative (ER-/PR-/HER2-) breast cancer. This study is investigating whether chemotherapy combinations used to treat advanced breast cancer are more effective when given along with a targeted drug. The treatments are given before you have surgery. The initial chemotherapy combination is carboplatin (Paraplatin®) and paclitaxel (Taxol®). It is followed by doxorubicin (Adriamycin®) and cyclophosphamide (Cytoxan®)--known as AC. The targeted drug is panitumumab (Vectibix®). It is currently used to treat a certain type of metastatic colorectal cancer. It is not yet known if Vectibix will be effective as a breast cancer treatment.
This is a Phase II trial

Ribocilcib and Taxol in Metastatic Breast Cancer with the Rb Protein

A Phase I Trial of Ribocilcib (LEE011) and Weekly Paclitaxel in Patients With Rb+ Advanced Breast Cancer (NCT02599363)

Summary

Ribociclib (LEE011) is a type of targeted therapy called a cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) inhibitor. It works by inhibiting two enzymes, CDK4 and CDK6, that help cancer cells grow. Paclitaxel (Taxol®) is a chemotherapy drug routinely used to treat breast cancer. Retinoblastoma (RB) is a tumor suppressor protein. Laboratory studies suggest targeting the Rb pathway by inhibiting the CDK4 and CDK6 enzymes may be an effective breast cancer treatment. This study will identify the best dose of ribociclib to use along with Taxol to treat patients with metastatic breast cancer. Interested patients will have their tumor tested for the Rb protein. Only those whose tumor tests positive for this protein will be eligible to enroll.
This is a Phase I trial

Keytruda + Chemo or an Aromatase Inhibitor for HER2-Negative Metastatic Breast Cancer

MK-3475 (Pembrolizumab) in Combination With an Anthracycline or Anti-estrogen Therapy in Patients With Triple Negative and Hormone Receptor Positive (HR+ HER2-) Metastatic Breast Cancer (NCT02648477)

Summary

Pembrolizumab (Keytruda®) is an immunotherapy drug that targets the programmed cell death (PD-1) protein. Blocking this protein allows the body's immune system to attack cancer cells. Doxorubicin (Adriamycin®) is a chemotherapy drug commonly used to treat breast cancer. Aromatase inhibitors (anastrozole/Arimidex®, letrozole/Femara®, exemestane/Aromasin®) are used to treat hormone-sensitive tumors in postmenopausal women. This study is investigating the safety and effectiveness of using Keytruda to treat HER2-negative metastatic breast cancer. In this study, patients with triple-negative tumors will receive Adriamycin along with Keytruda, while patients with hormone-sensitive tumors will receive an AI along with Keytruda.To be eligible, participants must not have been treated previously with Keytruda.
This is a Phase II trial

Doxil + Paraplatin Followed by Surgery & Taxol in Stage II-III Triple Negative Tumors

A Phase 2 Trial of Liposomal Doxorubicin and Carboplatin in Patients With ER, PR, HER2 Negative Breast Cancer (TNBC) (NCT02315196)

Summary

Pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (Doxil®) and Carboplatin (Paraplatin®) are chemotherapy drugs used to treat breast cancer. Paclitaxel (Taxol®) is another chemotherapy drug used to treat breast cancer. In this study, Doxil and Paraplatin will be given before surgery. This will allow the researchers to see how well the combination shrinks the tumor. After surgery, patients will receive the drug Taxol. This will allow the researchers to see how well the three drugs work together to reduce the size of the original tumor and reduce the risk of recurrence in women with stage II-III triple-negative breast cancer.
This is a Phase II trial

Chemotherapy Plus Herceptin After Surgery for Stage I-II HER2+ Breast Cancer

A Phase II Study of Adjuvant Therapy Using a Regimen of Cyclophosphamide, Paclitaxel With Trastuzumab in Stage I-II HER2/Neu Positive Breast Cancer Patients (NCT02654119)

Summary

Researchers want to learn which drug combination is most likely to keep HER2-positive breast cancer from coming back. This study is looking at the safety and effectiveness of treating stage I-II HER2-positive breast cancer with cyclophosphamide (Cytoxan®), paclitaxel (Taxol®) and trastuzumab (Herceptin®) after surgery. To take part, you must have HER2-positive, stage I-II breast cancer. You cannot have been treated with chemotherapy in the past. And you cannot have been diagnosed with peripheral neuropathy (tingling or pain in the hands or feet). Cytoxan and Taxol are two chemotherapy drugs used to treat breast cancer. Herceptin is a HER2-targeted therapy.
This is a Phase II trial

A Vaccine & Chemotherapy Followed by Anakinra or Booster Shots for Triple Negative Tumors

Pilot Safety Trial of Anakinra Combined With Chemotherapy and Dendritic Cell Vaccine in Patients With Locally Advanced, Triple-Negative Breast Cancer (NCT02018458)

Summary

Immunotherapy–teaching the body's immune system to go after cancer cells—is a new area of cancer research. A dendritic cell vaccine is a patient-specific vaccine that is manufactured by taking a blood sample from the patient. After receiving the vaccine, patients typically receive a series of booster shots. Anakinra (kineret) stops inflammation by blocking IL-1 β, an immune protein found in high levels in breast cancer. It is currently used to treat rheumatoid arthritis and other autoimmune diseases. Studies suggest it may help bolster cancer vaccines. ACT (Adriamycin®, Cytoxan®, Taxol®) is a chemotherapy regimen commonly used to treat breast cancer. This study is comparing the effectiveness of using vaccine booster shots or Anakinra following treatment with ACT and the dendritic cell vaccine in patients with locally advanced triple negative breast cancer.
This is a Phase I-II trial

Eribulin and AC Before Surgery for HER2-Negative Inflammatory Breast Cancer

A Phase 2 Study of Eribulin Followed by Doxorubicin and Cyclophosphamide as Preoperative Therapy for HER2-negative Inflammatory Breast Cancer (NCT02623972)

Summary

Eribulin (Halaven®) is a chemotherapy drug used to treat advanced breast cancer. AC (Adriamycin® and Cytoxan®) is used to treat inflammatory breast cancer before surgery. Adding Halaven to the AC treatment may be more effective than using AC alone. This study is evaluating the safety and effectiveness of treating HER2-negative inflammatory breast cancer patients with Halaven and AC before they have surgery.
This is a Phase II trial

Galunisertib and Taxol for Metastatic Triple Negative Breast Cancer

A Phase Ib Trial of LY2157299 (TGFβR1 Kinase Inhibitor) With Paclitaxel in Patients With Triple Negative Metastatic Breast Cancer (NCT02672475)

Summary

Paclitaxel (Taxol®) is a chemotherapy drug routinely used to treat advanced breast cancer. Galunisertib (LY2157299) is a new type of targeted therapy. It works by blocking a protein called TGF-betaR1 kinase. This study will evaluate the best dose and safety of galunisertib and Taxol for treating patients with metastatic triple-negative breast cancer that also tests androgen-receptor negative.
This is a Phase I trial

Paraplatin and Taxotere Before Surgery for Stage I-III Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

CADENCE: Carboplatin and Docetaxel in Neoadjuvant Treatment of ER-Negative, HER2-Negative Breast Cancer: A Co-Clinical Trial With Genoproteomic Discovery (NCT02547987)

Summary

Carboplatin (Paraplatin®) is the only platinum-based chemotherapy drug used to treat breast cancer. It is currently used to treat advanced breast cancer. Previous studies have suggested it may be effective against stage I-III, triple-negative breast cancer. Docetaxel (Taxotere®) is a chemotherapy drug commonly used to treat breast cancer. Giving treatment before surgery--called neoadjuvant therapy--allows researchers to see how the drug effects the breast tumor. This study is evaluating the safety and effectiveness of using Paraplatin and Taxotere before surgery to treat stage I-III triple-negative breast cancer.
This is a Phase II trial

Ricolinostat and Abraxane for Advanced Breast Cancer

Multi-center Phase IB Trial of ACY-1215 (Ricolinostat) Combined With Nab-paclitaxel in Unresectable or Metastatic Breast Cancer (NCT02632071)

Summary

ACY-1215 (ricolinostat) is an experimental targeted therapy that works by blocking a protein called HDAC6 (histone deacetylase 6), which helps cancer cells grow. It is currently being studied as a treatment for a type of blood cancer called multiple myeloma. Researchers think ricolinostat may be an effective breast cancer treatment. Nab-paclitaxel (Abraxane®) is a taxane-based chemotherapy drug routinely used to treat advanced breast cancer. This study is evaluating the safety and tolerability of using Abraxane with varying doses of ricolinostat to treat advanced breast cancer.
This is a Phase I trial

Neoadjuvant Metronomic Chemotherapy for Stage II-III Triple Negative Breast Cancer

Phase II Trial of Neoadjuvant Metronomic Chemotherapy in Triple-Negative Breast Cancer (NCT00542191)

Summary

Metronomic chemotherapy is new approach to treatment that involves giving very low doses of chemotherapy over a longer period of time. There is evidence that metronomic chemotherapy can slow tumor blood vessel growth and produce fewer side effects than standard high-dose chemotherapy. Research has also shown it to be effective in tumors that have not responded to standard treatment. Given the limited options available for women with hormone-negative and HER2-negative breast cancer, researchers are studying the effectiveness of metronomic chemotherapy before surgery in women with triple-negative disease.
This is a Phase II trial

Immunotherapy and Abraxane for Advanced Triple Negative Breast Cancer

A Study of MPDL3280A in Combination With Nab-Paclitaxel Compared With Placebo With Nab-Paclitaxel for Patients With Previously Untreated Metastatic Triple Negative Breast Cancer (NCT02425891)

Summary

Researchers are investigating the effectiveness of immunotherapies in patients with triple negative (ER-, PR- and HER2-) breast cancer. MPDL3280a (atezolizumab) is an investigational immunotherapy that stimulates the body's immune system to go after cancer cells. It works by blocking a protein called programmed cell death ligand-1 (PD-L1) that normally keeps the body's immune system from attacking and destroying tumor cells. Nab-paclitaxel (Abraxane®) is a chemotherapy drug routinely used to treat advanced breast cancer. This study is comparing the safety and effectiveness of Abraxane and atezolizumab to Abraxane and a placebo in patients with previously untreated locally advanced or metastatic triple negative breast cancer.
This is a Phase III trial

Dose-Dense ACT Chemo without Neulasta for Early Stage Breast Cancer

Feasibility and Safety of Avoiding Granulocyte Colony-stimulating Factor Prophylaxis During the Paclitaxel Portion of Dose Dense Doxorubicin-Cyclophosphamide and Paclitaxel Regimen (NCT02698891)

Summary

If you receive chemotherapy, you may develop an infection. Pegfilgrastim (Neulasta®) is given to reduce this risk. ACT (doxorubicin/Adriamycin®, cyclophosphamide/Cytoxan® and paclitaxel/Taxol®) are three chemotherapy drugs often used together to treat breast cancer. Researchers think it may be possible to give ACT without Neulasta during the Taxol portion to avoid its side effects, including bone pain. In this study, you will receive dose-dense Taxol after finishing dose-dense AC and only get Neuslasta if you begin to develop a fever with infection and low blood counts or need to delay Taxol due to low blood counts. To take part, you may be at any point during AC treatment, but have not yet started Taxol treatment.

In this study, you will receive dose-dense chemotherapy. This means you will have chemotherapy treatments that are scheduled closer together, such as every 2 weeks apart instead of every 3 weeks.
This is a Phase II trial

Comparing Two Different Doses of Xeloda for Metastatic Breast (and GI) Cancer

Randomized Open-label Trial of Dose Dense, Fixed Dose Capecitabine Compared to Standard Dose Capecitabine in Metastatic Breast Cancer and Advanced/Metastatic Gastrointestinal Cancers (NCT02595320)

Summary

Capecitabine (Xeloda®) is a chemotherapy drug used to treat metastatic breast cancer that has stopped responding to other chemotherapy drugs. Because it is an oral drug, it can be taken at home. This study is comparing the effectiveness and side effects associated with two different doses and dosing schedules of Xeloda in women with metastatic breast cancer. This study is also recruiting individuals with advanced/metastatic gastrointestinal cancer.
This is a Phase II trial

A Vaccine + Chemotherapy to Prevent Recurrence in Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

A Randomized Multicenter Phase II Trial to Evaluate the Safety and Immunogenicity of Two Doses of Vaccination With Folate Receptor Alpha Peptides With GM-CSF in Patients With Triple Negative Breast Cancer (NCT02593227)

Summary

Researchers think that immunotherapy treatments used after completing standard therapy may help prevent breast cancer from coming back. Folate Receptor-alpha (FR-alpha) vaccine is a new type of immunotherapy that stimulates the immune system. Laboratory studies suggest it may be able to help prevent a breast cancer recurrence. FR-alpha is a receptor found in 86% of triple-negative breast cancer cells. GM-CSF is a substance added to the vaccine to improve the immune response. Cyclophosphamide (Cytoxan®) is a chemotherapy drug routinely used to treat breast cancer. This study is comparing the effectiveness of two different doses of the FR-alpha vaccine when it is given with or without Cytoxan to women who have completed neoadjuvant (before surgery) or adjuvant (after surgery) treatment for stage IIb-III triple-negative breast cancer.
This is a Phase II trial

Cisplatin vs. AC Before Surgery in Patients w/ a BRCA Mutation

A Randomized Phase II Trial of Neoadjuvant Cisplatin vs. Doxorubicin/Cyclophosphamide (AC) in Women With Newly Diagnosed Breast Cancer and Germline BrCa Mutations (NCT01670500)

Summary

Women and men who are born with a BRCA1 or BRCA2 genetic mutation are at increased risk of developing breast cancer. Cisplatin is a platinum-containing chemotherapy drug that is used alone or in combination with other drugs to treat ovarian, bladder, and testicular cancers; it is sometimes used to treat other types of cancer as well. It is not FDA approved to treat breast cancer. Doxorubicin (Adriamycin®) and cyclophosphamide--known as AC--is routinely used to treat breast cancer. Giving chemotherapy in the neoadjuvant (before surgery) setting allows researchers to study how the tumor responds to the treatment regimen. It can also shrink the tumor, potentially allowing a patient to have a lumpectomy instead of a mastectomy. This study is comparing cisplatin to AC in BRCA+ women and men with newly diagnosed breast cancer.
This is a Phase II trial

FdCyd + THU For Advanced Breast Cancer

A Multi-Histology Phase II Study of 5-Fluoro-2'-Deoxycytidine With Tetrahydrouridine (FdCyd + THU) (NCT00978250)

Summary

Over time, advanced breast cancer can stop responding to a standard treatment. Scientists think that a combination of two experimental drugs, FdCyd (5-fluoro-2'-deoxcytidine), and THU (tetrahydrouridine), may be effective in treating this type of tumor. FdCyd is thought to work by changing what certain genes do in cancer cells. THU does not have any anticancer effects, but it can help keep the other drug, FdCyd, from being broken down by the body. The purpose of this trial is to determine the safety, tolerability, and effectiveness of the combination of FdCyd and THU in men and women with advanced breast cancer that has progressed on at least one standard therapy.
This is a Phase II trial

Carboplatin, Gemzar, and Mifepristone For Advanced Breast Cancer

Carboplatin, Gemcitabine, and Mifepristone for Advanced Breast Cancer and Recurrent or Persistent Epithelial Ovarian Cancer (NCT02046421)

Summary

Researchers are looking for new ways to block cancer cell growth. Cortisol, a glucocorticoid stress hormone and its receptors play a part in the process that gets cancer cells to stop responding to chemotherapy. Mifepristone is a steroid that blocks the glucocorticoid receptor (GR). It also blocks progesterone. Carboplatin (Paraplatin®) and gemcitabine hydrochloride (Gemzar®) are chemotherapy drugs that work in different ways to slow or stop cancer cell growth. This study is will identify the best dose and side effects associated with using mifepristone and Gemzar along with Paraplatin to treat patients with advanced breast cancer. Patients may have received neoadjuvant or adjuvant chemotherapy and up to two prior chemotherapy regimens for stage III or stage IV breast cancer. This trial also is enrolling patients with advanced epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube, or primary peritoneal cancer.
This is a Phase I trial

Keytruda and Abraxane in HER2-Negative Metastatic Breast Cancer

Phase II Study of Pembrolizumab and Nab-paclitaxel in HER-2 Negative Metastatic Breast Cancer (NCT02752685)

Summary

Researchers are trying to see which treatment combinations are best for HER2-negative breast cancer. This study is looking at the safety and effectiveness of using a chemotherapy drug along with an immunotherapy drug. The chemotherapy drug is nab-paclitaxel (Abraxane®), which is used to treat advanced breast cancer. The immunotherapy drug is pembrolizumab (Keytruda®), which gets the immune system to go after cancer cells. To take part in this study, you must have metastatic breast cancer that is HER2-negative.
This is a Phase II trial

Abraxane® and Paraplatin® Before Surgery for Stage II & III Triple Negative Tumors

Phase II Trial of Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy With Carboplatin and NAB-Paclitaxel in Patients With Locally Advanced and Inflammatory Triple Negative Breast Cancer (NCT01525966)

Summary

Chemotherapy drugs work by either killing cancer cells or by stopping them from dividing. Giving chemotherapy before surgery (called neoadjuvant therapy) may make the tumor smaller and reduce the amount of tissue that needs to be removed. Researchers can also study a drug's effectiveness by assessing how much the tumor shrinks in response to the treatment. Abraxane® (nab-paclitaxel) and Paraplatin® (carboplatin) are chemotherapy drugs that are approved for the treatment of advanced breast cancers. The goal of this study is to determine how well these two chemotherapy drugs work when they are given together before surgery to treat women with locally advanced or inflammatory triple negative (ER-/PR-/HER2-) breast cancer.
This is a Phase II trial

Gemzar, Herceptin and Perjeta for HER2+ Metastatic Breast Cancer

Phase II Study of Gemcitabine, Trastuzumab, and Pertuzumab in the Treatment of Metastatic HER2-Positive Breast Cancer After Prior Trastuzumab/Pertuzumab-Based Therapy, TDM-1, and TDM-1 + Pertuzumab (NCT02252887)

Summary

Gemcitabine (Gemzar®) is a chemotherapy drug used to treat metastatic breast cancer that has not responded to chemotherapy. Trastuzumab (Herceptin®) and Pertuzumab (Perjeta®) are targeted therapies used to treat HER2-positive breast cancer. This study is investigating whether the combination of Gemzar, Herceptin and Perjeta is an effective treatment for patients with HER2+ metastatic breast cancer.
This is a Phase II trial

Perjeta, Herceptin and Chemo Before Surgery for HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

Single Arm, Neoadjuvant, Phase II Trial of Pertuzumab and Trastuzumab Administered Concomitantly With Weekly Paclitaxel and FEC for Clinical Stage I-II HER2-Positive Breast Cancer (NCT01855828)

Summary

Giving therapy before surgery (called neoadjuvant treatment) allows researchers to study the effect that a drug combination has on cancer cells. Trastuzumab (Herceptin®) and pertuzumab (Perjeta®) are targeted therapies used to treat HER2+ tumors. T-FEC is a chemotherapy regimen used to treat breast cancer. "T" refers to paclitaxel (Taxol®), which is given first and then followed by FEC (5-fluorouracil, epirubicin and cyclophosphamide). Herceptin is often given with T-FEC. This study is investigating the effectiveness of adding Perjeta to Herceptin and T-FEC by giving it before surgery to women with stage I - III HER2+ breast cancer.
This is a Phase II trial

CORT125134 and Abraxane for Advanced Breast Cancer

Phase 1/2 Study of CORT125134 in Combination With Nab-paclitaxel in Patients With Solid Tumors (NCT02762981)

Summary

To take part in this study, you must be have stage III or stage IV breast cancer. This study is investigating the safety and effectiveness of using the approved breast cancer drug nab-paclitaxel (Abraxane®) along with a new drug called CORT125134. The new drug, CORT125134, is a type of drug called a glucocorticoid receptor antagonist. It is available only in clinical trials.
This is a Phase I-II trial

MM-302 Plus Herceptin For Previously Treated HER2-Positive Advanced Breast Cancer

A Randomized, Multicenter, Open Label Study of MM-302 Plus Trastuzumab vs. Chemotherapy of Physician's Choice Plus Trastuzumab in Anthracycline Naive Patients With Locally Advanced/Metastatic HER2-Positive Breast Cancer (NCT02213744)

Summary

Researchers are trying to develop less toxic ways to use effective chemotherapy drugs. MM-302 is a targeted therapy that delivers the chemotherapy drug doxorubicin directly to HER2+ cells. By delivering doxorubicin directly to the cancer cells, researchers believe the drug will cause fewer side effects and less damage to the heart. Trastuzumab (Herceptin®) is used to treat HER2+ tumors. This trial is comparing the safety and effectiveness of MM-302 and Herceptin to chemotherapy and Herceptin in patients with HER2+ advanced breast cancer who were previously treated with Herceptin, who have either progressed on or cannot take pertuzumab (Perjeta®) and ado-trastuzumab emtansine (Kadcyla®) and have not been previously treated with doxorubicin or other anthracyclines.
This is a Phase II-III trial

Halaven in Previously Treated Metastatic Breast Cancer

Phase II Trial of Metronomic Eribulin (Halaven) In Pretreated Metastatic Breast Cancer (MBC) (NCT01908101)

Summary

Eribulin mesylate (Halaven®) is approved to treat individuals with metastatic breast cancer who have had at least two other types of anti-cancer medicines since learning their tumor had spread to other parts of their body. This study is investigating the effectiveness of Halaven in participants with metastatic breast cancer who have received at least one prior anti-cancer drug.
This is a Phase II trial

BAY1217389 and Taxol for Advanced Breast Cancer

An Open-label Randomized Two-arm Phase I Dose-escalation Study to Characterize the Safety, Tolerability, Pharmacokinetics, and Maximum Tolerated Dose of Oral BAY 1217389 in Combination With Weekly Intravenous Paclitaxel Given in an Intermittent Dosing Schedule in Subjects With Advanced Malignancies (NCT02366949)

Summary

BAY1217389 is a new type of cancer drug called an MPS1 inhibitor. Paclitaxel (Taxol®) is a chemotherapy drug commonly used to treat advanced breast cancer. Laboratory studies suggest that giving BAY1217389 with Taxol may improve Taxol's effectiveness and keep cancer cells responding to Taxol longer. This study will determine the best dose, safety, and tolerability of BAY1217389 when it is given with Taxol to individuals with advanced breast cancer. (This trial is also enrolling individuals with other types of advanced cancer for the first part of the trial and patients with triple negative breast cancer for the second part of the trial.) To be eligible, participants must have no standard therapy available.
This is a Phase I trial

Targeted Therapies Plus Chemo Before Surgery For ER+, HER2+ Breast Cancer

Neoadjuvant Hormonal Therapy Combined With Chemoimmunotherapy (Taxotere, Trastuzumab and Pertuzumab) in Patients With HER2-positive and ER-Positive Breast Cancer (NeoHTTP Study) (NCT02345772)

Summary

Giving therapy before surgery -- called neoadjuvant treatment -- allows doctors to study how well a tumor responds to a cancer regimen. If the therapy is successful, there are no cancer cells remaining at the time of surgery--and the patient is said to have had a "pathologic complete response." Some studies have suggested that women who have a pathologic complete response after neoadjuvant treatment have a better prognosis. Fulvestrant (Faslodex®) is a hormone therapy used to treat ER+ metastatic breast cancer in postmenopausal women who have tried other hormone therapies. Docetaxel (Taxotere®) is a chemotherapy drug commonly used to treat breast cancer. Trastuzumab (Herceptin®) and pertuzumab (Perjeta®) are HER2 targeted therapies. This study will look at the effectiveness of using Faslodex, Taxotere, Herceptin and Perjeta to obtain a pathologic complete response in women with ER+, HER2+ breast cancer.

Mifepristone and Halaven For Advanced Triple Negative Breast Cancer

Phase I Study of Mifepristone in Combination With Eribulin in Patients With Locally Advanced/Metastatic Breast Cancer With a Dose Expansion Cohort in Patients With Triple Negative Breast Cancer (NCT02014337)

Summary

Researchers are trying to determine the best drug combination for treating advanced triple negative breast cancer. Laboratory studies suggest that cortisol, a glucocorticoid stress hormone, and its receptors play a part in the process that leads tumors to stop responding to chemotherapy. Mifepristone is a steroid that blocks the glucocorticoid receptor (GR). Blocking this receptor may make chemotherapy more effective. Eribulin (Halaven®) is a chemotherapy drug used to treat advanced breast cancer. This is a two-part study. Part one will determine the best dose of mifepristone to use with Halaven in participants with advanced triple negative breast cancer. Part two will look at the effectiveness of the best dose of mifepristone with Halaven in participants with advanced triple negative breast cancer whose tumors test GR+.
This is a Phase I trial

Chemotherapy, Herceptin, Plus Tykerb for HER2-Positive Metastatic Cancer

Phase II Trial of Metronomic Capecitabine and Cyclophosphamide With Lapatinib and Ttrastuzumab in Patients With HER2 Positive Metastatic Breast Cancer Who Have Progressed on a Previous Trastuzumab-Based Regimen (NCT01873833)

Summary

Researchers are looking for new combination of drugs to treat HER2+ metastatic breast cancer. Cyclophosphamide (Cytoxan®) is a chemotherapy drug that stops the growth of tumor cells. Lapatinib (Tykerb®) is a targeted therapy commonly used with Capacitabine (Xeloda®) to treat HER2+ metastatic breast cancer. Trastuzumab (Herceptin®) is routinely used to treat HER2+ breast cancer. Combining these drugs may be a more effective regimen for treating HER2+ metastatic breast cancer.
This is a Phase II trial

Effect of Doxil on Metastatic Breast Tumor with Low BRCA Expression

A Single Arm Phase II Trial to Assess Association of BRCA1 Protein Expression With Overall Response Rate in Patients With Metastatic Breast Cancer on Pegylated Liposomal Doxorubicin (NCT01990352)

Summary

Doxil® (pegylated liposomal doxorubicin hydrochloride) is a DNA damaging chemotherapy agent used to treat breast and other types of cancers. BRCA proteins are expressed in the cells of breast and other tissue. BRCA1 protein is known to help in DNA damage repair which helps cells to survive. Cancer cells with low expression of BRCA1 protein expression are unable to repair damaged DNA and are more responsive to the effects of chemotherapy. The goal of this study is to learn more about BRCA1 protein expression on tumor growth in patients with metastatic breast cancer being treated with Doxil. Participants will be tested for BRCA1 protein expression and do not need to be BRCA1-positive or BRCA-negative to be eligible for this study.
This is a Phase II trial

Xtandi and Taxol Before Surgery for Stage I-III Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

A Phase IIB Study of Neoadjuvant Enzalutamide (ZT) Regimen Therapy in Combination With Weekly Paclitaxel for Androgen Receptor (AR)-Positive Triple-Negative Breast Cancer(NCT02689427)

Summary

To take part in this study, you must have stage I-III triple negative breast cancer (ER-, PR- and HER2-). Your tumor must also be androgen receptor positive (AR+). This study is looking at the safety and effect of giving an anti-androgen drug along with chemotherapy before surgery to patients with triple negative breast cancer. This will allow the researchers to study the effect the drugs have on your breast tumor. If you are enroll in the study, your tumor will be tested to see if is AR+. You can only stay in the study if your tumor is AR+. Androgen receptors (AR) are found on many triple-negative breast tumors. Researchers think drugs that block these receptors could keep breast cancer cells from growing. The anti-androgen drug that will be used in this study is enzalutamide (Xtandi®). It is currently used to treat prostate cancer. It will be given with paclitaxel (Taxol®), a chemotherapy drug used to treat breast cancer.
This is a Phase II trial

Cytoxan plus Keytruda for Metastatic Triple Negative Breast Cancer

Phase II Study Of Single-dose Cyclophosphamide +Pembrolizumab In Patients With Metastatic Triple Negative Breast Cancer (NCT02768701)

Summary

To take part in this study, you must have triple negative (ER-/PR-/HER2-) metastatic breast cancer and have already received at last one prior treatment for your metastatic cancer. This study is looking at the effectiveness of combining a chemotherapy drug with an immunotherapy drug. The chemotherapy drug being used in the study is cyclophosphamide (Cytoxan®). It is commonly used to treat breast cancer. The immunotherapy drug is pembrolizumab (Keytruda®). It is approved for treating metastatic melanoma.
This is a Phase II trial

Ipatasertib and Taxol Before Surgery for Early-Stage Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

A PHASE II RANDOMIZED, DOUBLE-BLIND, STUDY OF IPATASERTIB (GDC-0068), AN INHIBITOR TO AKT, IN COMBINATION WITH PACLITAXEL AS NEOADJUVANT TREATMENT FOR PATIENTS WITH EARLY STAGE TRIPLE NEGATIVE BREAST CANCER (NCT02301988)

Summary

Scientists are trying to develop new drugs that will be effective for patients with triple-negative breast cancer. Giving treatment before surgery, called neoadjuvant therapy, allows researchers to study the effect that the treatment has on cancer cells. Ipatasertib (GDC-0068) is a new type of targeted cancer therapy called an AKt inhibitor. It blocks a pathway inside the cell that regulates the cell's growth and survival. Early studies suggest that ipatasertib may be effective in patients with triple-negative breast cancer. Paclitaxel (Taxol®) is a chemotherapy drug that is used to treat breast cancer. This study is comparing the effectiveness of Taxol and ipatasertib to Taxol and a placebo when it is given before surgery to patients with early-stage triple-negative breast cancer.
This is a Phase II trial

Treatment and Tissue Collection Before Surgery in Patients With Stage II-III Breast Cancer

Prospective Tissue Collection in Breast Cancer Patients Receiving Preoperative Systemic Therapy (NCT01897441)

Summary

Giving treatment before surgery—called neoadjuvant therapy—allows researchers to study the effect that the cancer drugs have on the breast tumor. Collecting and storing samples of tissue from breast cancer patients for laboratory research may help scientists learn which tumors respond best to certain treatments. This trial is collecting and storing tissue from patients with stage II-III breast cancer who have been given one of three different treatment combinations prior to surgery.

Ibrance with Cisplatin or Carboplatin for Advanced Breast (and Other) Cancer

A Phase 1 Study of Palbociclib in Combination With Cisplatin or Carboplatin in Advanced Solid Malignancies (NCT02897375)

Summary

To take part in this study, you must have been diagnosed with stage III or stage IV (metastatic) breast cancer. This study is looking at the safety and effectiveness of two different drug combinations. All patients in this study will receive palbociclib (Ibrance®) with a chemotherapy drug, either cisplatin (Platinol®) or carboplatin (Paraplatin®). Ibrance is a new type of targeted drug called a CDK inhibitor. It is approved to treat postmenopausal women with ER-positive, HER2-negative metastatic breast cancer who have not already had an anti-estrogen drug. The two chemotherapy drugs, Platinol and Paraplatin, are are used to treat advanced breast cancer that has not responded to previous chemotherapy treatments.
This is a Phase I trial

Chemo After Neoaduvant Chemo and Surgery for Basal-Like Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

A Randomized Phase III Post-Operative Trial of Platinum Based Chemotherapy vs. Observation in Patients With Residual Triple-Negative Basal-Like Breast Cancer Following Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy (NCT02445391)

Summary

Most triple-negative breast cancers have basal-like qualities, meaning the cells resemble the basal cells that line the breast ducts. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (treatment given before surgery) is used to shrink the tumor before surgery. Sometimes the tumor will disappear completely. In other instances, the tumor can be seen during surgery. Cisplatin (Platinol®) and carboplatin (Paraplatin®) are platinum-based chemotherapy drugs that laboratory studies suggest may be effective against basal-like triple-negative breast cancer. This study will investigate whether giving one of these chemotherapy drugs after surgery reduces the risk of recurrence in patients with basal-like triple negative breast cancer who had neoadjuvant therapy that did not make their tumor disappear. Participants will have their tumor specimens tested for basal-like qualities.
This is a Phase III trial

BTP-114 for Patients with a BRCA 1/2 Mutation and Advanced Triple Negative Breast Cancer

Escalation Study of BTP-114 in Patients With Advanced Solid Tumors and BRCA or DNA Repair Mutation (NCT02950064)

Summary

To take part in this study, you must have advanced (some stage III and stage IV), triple-negative (ER-/PR-/HER2-) breast cancer and have been told you have inherited a BRCA1/2 mutation. You must also have had at most three other types of chemotherapy treatments. This study is investigating whether a new type of targeted chemotherapy drug is safe and effective when used to treat advanced triple negative breast cancer in women and men who have an inherited BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation. The new chemotherapy drug is called BTP-114. This study is also recruiting women and men with other types of cancer.
This is a Phase I trial

Propranolol & Chemo Before Surgery for Stage I-II Breast Cancer

A Phase II Study of the Beta-blocker Propranolol Alone and With Chemotherapy in Patients Receiving Neoadjuvant Treatment for Newly Diagnosed Breast Cancer (NCT01847001)

Summary

Propranolol (inderal®) is an FDA-approved drug used to treat high blood pressure, heart failure, angina, anxiety, and migraine. Laboratory studies suggest that Inderal also blocks the growth of the blood vessels cancer cells need to survive. Giving chemotherapy before surgery (neoadjuvant therapy) allows researchers to study how cancer cells respond to a treatment. This study is exploring the effectiveness of and side effects associated with giving Inderal along with neoadjuvant chemotherapy to treat stage I or II breast cancer. To be eligible, a woman must be receiving AC (adriamycin and cyclophosphamide) or paclitaxel (Taxol®) with or without Trastuzumab (Herceptin®) chemotherapy before surgery.
This is a Phase II trial

Dietary Intervention plus Chemotherapy Before Surgery for Early Stage Breast Cancer

CAREFOR: Precision Medicine Driving Precision Nutrition for the Treatment of NeoAdjuvant Breast Cancer (NCT02827370)

Summary

To take part in this study, you must have been diagnosed with early stage breast cancer but not yet had surgery. This study is looking at whether a dietary intervention that will be determined based on your tumor's genomic characteristics changes the effect that chemotherapy given before surgery has on your cancer cells. Giving chemotherapy before surgery, called neoadjuvant treatment, allows researchers to study the effect a treatment had on the cancer cells after the tumor has been removed. Your tumor's genomic characteristics will be analyzed at the beginning of the study and after you have surgery.

Abraxane + an Anti-Inflammatory for Advanced Breast Cancer

Pilot Safety and Blood Immune Cell Transcriptional Profiling Study of Weekly Nab Paclitaxel Plus Anakinra in Metastatic Breast Cancer Patients (NCT01802970)

Summary

Studies have suggested that inflammation may play a role in cancer growth. This has led researchers to believe that drugs that work by decreasing inflammation may be useful in treating cancer. Anakinra (Kineret®) is used to treat rheumatoid arthritis. It is a "biologic" medicine. This means that it is closely related to a protein that occurs naturally in the body. Nab paclitaxel (Abraxane®) is a chemotherapy drug used to treat advanced breast cancer. The objective of this study is to determine the safety of giving Kineret along with Abraxane to treat advanced breast cancer.
This is a Phase I trial

Cisplatin vs. Paclitaxel Before Surgery for Triple Negative Breast Cancer

A Randomized Phase II Study of Preoperative Cisplatin Versus Paclitaxel in Patients With Triple Negative Breast Cancer Without Germline BRCA Mutations: Evaluating the Homologous Recombination Deficiency (HRD) Biomarker (NCT01982448)

Summary

Researchers are trying to determine the best drugs for treating triple negative breast cancer. Giving treatment before surgery, called neoadjuvant therapy, allows researchers to study the effect that cancer drugs have on tumor cells. Cisplatin (Platinol®) is a chemotherapy drug used to treat other types of cancers that laboratory studies suggest may be effective against triple negative breast cancer. Paclitaxel (Taxol®) is a chemotherapy drug that is routinely used to treat breast cancer. The HRD (Homologous Recombination Deficiency) assay is a tumor test that researchers think can predict if the tumor will respond to a specific type of chemotherapy. This study is comparing the effect that Platinol and and Taxol have on triple negative breast tumors when it is given before surgery. The study is also looking at whether the HRD assay can predict if the tumor will respond to the treatment.
This is a Phase II trial

BYL719 and Abraxane for Advanced HER2-Negative Breast Cancer

Phase I/II Study of BYL719 and Nab-Paclitaxel in Subjects With Locally Recurrent or Metastatic HER-2 Negative Breast Cancer (NCT02379247)

Summary

Researchers are looking for new ways to treat advanced HER2-negative breast cancer. BYL719 is a new type of drug called a PI3K inhibitor. It slows or stops cancer cells growth by blocking the activity of the PI3K protein. Nab-paclitaxel (Abraxane®) is a chemotherapy drug routinely used to treat advanced breast cancer. This study will determine the best dose, safety, and effectiveness of BYL719 when it is given with Abraxane to treat women with advanced HER2-negative breast cancer.
This is a Phase I-II trial

Gemzar, Herceptin & Perjeta for Previously Treated Advanced HER2+ Breast Cancer

Phase I/IIa Trial of Gemcitabine Plus Trastuzumab and Pertuzumab in Previously Treated Metastatic HER2+ Breast Cancer (NCT02139358)

Summary

Researchers are trying to determine the best combination of drugs to use to treat advanced HER2-positive breast cancer. Gemcitabine (Gemzar®) is a chemotherapy drug used to treat advanced breast cancer that has not responded to previous chemotherapy drugs. Trastuzumab (Herceptin®) and Pertuzumab (Perjeta®) are two different types of HER2-targeted therapies. This study is looking at effectiveness of and side effects associated with using Gemzar, Herceptin and Perjeta to treat advanced HER2+ breast cancer in patients who have already been treated with one other chemotherapy drug and a HER-targeted therapy.
This is a Phase I-II trial

Halaven plus PEGPH20 for HER2- Metastatic Breast Cancer

A Randomized, Open-label, Multicenter, Phase 1b/2 Study of Eribulin Mesylate in Combination With PEGylated Recombinant Human Hyaluronidase (PEGPH20) Versus Eribulin Mesylate Alone in Subjects With Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor 2 (HER2)-Negative, High-Hyaluronan (HA) Metastatic Breast Cancer (MBC) (NCT02753595)

Summary

To be eligible, you must have HER2-negative metastatic breast cancer. Eribulin mesylate (Halaven®) is a chemotherapy drug used to treat metastatic breast cancer. Researchers think more cancer cells will be killed if Halaven is given along with a drug called PEGPH2 than if Halaven is given alone. They also think the combination will be more effective in HER2-negative tumors that have high levels of a fluid called hyaluronan. Studies have shown this fluid can protect cancer cells from cancer drugs.
This is a Phase I-II trial

Halaven vs. Taxol for Advanced Breast Cancer

A Randomized Phase III Trial of Eribulin Compared to Standard Weekly Paclitaxel as First- or Second-Line Therapy for Locally Recurrent or Metastatic Breast Cancer (NCT02037529)

Summary

Researchers are conducting studies to determine which chemotherapy drugs should be used, and in what order, to treat advanced breast cancer. Eribulin (Halaven®) is currently used to treat metastatic breast cancer that has not responded or has stopped responding to other chemotherapy drugs. Paclitaxel (Taxol®) is one of the most commonly used breast cancer therapies. This study is comparing the effectiveness of Halaven and Taxol when they are used as the first or second treatment in individuals with HER2-negative advanced breast cancer.
This is a Phase III trial

Cisplatin & Radiation After Surgery for Triple Negative BC

A Phase I Dose-Escalation Study of Cisplatin and Radiation Therapy for Patients With Triple Negative Breast Cancer (NCT01674842)

Summary

New treatments for triple negative breast cancer are needed. Researchers believe that giving chemotherapy at the same time as radiation therapy to treat breast cancer may be more effective than using these treatments sequentially (one after another). Other types of cancers are currently treated this way. Cisplatin is a chemotherapy drug that works by preventing cancer cells from dividing and growing. It is not routinely used to treat breast cancer, but some studies suggest it may be particularly effective against triple negative tumors. Radiation is used to kill cancer cells that may have not been removed during surgery. The goal of this trial is to assess the safety, tolerability, and maximum tolerated dose of cisplatin when given at the same time as radiation to patients with triple negative breast cancer who have had or are planning to have a lumpectomy (breast conserving surgery).
This is a Phase I trial