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Surgery: Reconstruction

Comparing Two Types of Tissue Expanders for Breast Reconstruction

Randomized Clinical Trial Comparing 1-Port and 2-Port Tissue Expanders for Breast Reconstruction (NCT02725801)

Summary

During breast reconstruction, a tissue expander is put into the chest wall. The expander is filled with saline (salt water) through a port to gradually stretch the skin and make space for the implant. The traditional type of expander has one port. AlloX2® is a new type of expander that has two ports: one port fills the expander and the other drains seroma, the clear bodily fluids that develops where the breast has been removed. In this study, half of the women will receive the regular one-port expander and the other half will receive the two-port expander. This will allow the researcher to see whether women have a better outcome or less complications when using a one-port or two-port expander. To be eligible, a woman must be planning to have immediate tissue expander breast reconstruction following her mastectomy.

Studying Tumor-to-Breast Ratio in Patients with DCIS or Early-Stage Breast Cancer

A Prospective Trial to AssessTumor:Breast Ratio and Patient Satisfaction in Following Lumpectomy Versus Mastectomy With Reconstruction (NCT02216136)

Summary

The size of the tumor compared to the size of the breast is referred to as the tumor-to-breast volume ratio. The ratio is a factor in whether a woman has the option of having a lumpectomy. In this study, women who are scheduled to undergo lumpectomy, mastectomy, or mastectomy with immediate reconstruction for ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS), or early stage breast cancer will have a breast MRI that determines their tumor-to-breast volume ratio prior to surgery. After surgery, patients will complete questionnaires designed to assess their quality of life.

Nerve Block to Reduce Pain After Mastectomy & Reconstruction With a Tissue Expander

Does Selective Intraoperative Administration of Local Anesthesia in Breast Reconstruction Reduce Postoperative Pain and Opioid Requirement?: A Prospective Double-Blinded Randomized Controlled Trial (NCT02525718)

Summary

Pain is a common short-term and long-term side effect of breast reconstruction. Nerve blocks use medication to keep the nerves in a certain part of the body from feeling pain. Using a nerve block along with anesthesia (medicine to prevent pain) during reconstructive surgery may help reduce pain and the need for pain medication after surgery. This study will see if a nerve block is better than a salt-water injection for reducing pain in women having a mastectomy with immediate reconstruction with a tissue expander.
This is a Phase II trial

Reducing Post-Operative Pain From Breast Reconstruction

A Prospective Randomized Double Blind Trial to Reduce Post-Operative Pain in Implant Based Breast Reconstruction (NCT02044302)

Summary

Opioids and sedatives like diazepam (valium) are the drugs typically used to manage pain in women who are having a mastectomy with breast reconstruction. Opioids are effective, but they can cause side effects like nausea, vomiting, sedation, and constipation. Bupivacaine is a local anesthetic. Botulinum toxin (commonly known as Botox) is a muscle relaxant. Both block the nerve impulses that send pain signals to the brain. This study is investigating whether using bupivacaine and Botox, either alone or together, during surgery will provide better pain control post-surgery and reduce incidences of opioid side effects in women who are having a mastectomy with breast reconstruction.
This is a Phase II trial

Botox to Reduce Pain Caused by Expanders During Reconstruction

Botulinum Toxin A in Tissue Expander Breast Reconstruction: A Double-Blinded Randomized Controlled Trial (NCT01591746)

Summary

Breast reconstruction with implants is typically done in two stages. At the time of surgery, a temporary implant (tissue expander) is inserted, which over the course of several months is slowly filled with saline. A second surgery is then performed to replace the expander with a permanent implant. During expansion, patients often experience significant pain and discomfort. BTX-A (Botox) is currently used to reduce pain caused by migraine headaches and chronic tennis elbow as well as for post-operative pain control. This study will assess the safety and effectiveness of using Botox to reduce pain and improve physical well-being during tissue expansion. It is the first time Botox is being studied in breast cancer survivors who are having breast reconstruction with tissue expanders. To be eligible for this study, patients must be scheduled to have breast reconstruction following a skin-sparing or nipple-sparing mastectomy.
This is a Phase III trial